About the Campaign
What is Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and
Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders?
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is a complex genetic, connective tissue condition resulting in faulty collagen. Collagen is known as the glue that holds the body together. Because of this fault, patients' joints can partially dislocate and sometimes fully dislocate on a daily basis, leaving us in varying degrees of pain.
As the human body contains quite a large amount of this protein, it can impact almost every system in the body. For example, eye sight and hearing may be effected. Healthy collagen is needed for holding body parts together like skin, joints, muscles, ligaments, blood vessels and internal organs. A whole catalogue of issues may arise; some, life threatening.
Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders varies to EDS, but has a huge degree of overlap in symptoms and issues (most notably, hypermobile joints). How much these joints over extend will vary from patient to patient, as hypermobility is on a spectrum. Read about the differences in EDS and HSD here. Many patients use aids (crutches, walkers, wheelchairs) while others do not need to. You can read more about EDS and HSD criteria here.
A large portion of the general public are double jointed without it causing any issues or pain at all. You may also purposely acquire hypermobility in order to be more flexible, such as with yoga. When it causes pain and is the result of faulty collagen, the patient is likely to have either EDS or HSD/ a connective tissue disorder.
It is common for those with EDS or HSD to share certain comorbid conditions, which make for even more complex cases. Our digestion is often effected, we may be intolerant to a lot of foods, we may struggle with balance issues, many have trouble regulating internal systems like heart rate and blood pressure (dysautonomia). There are countless comorbidites that may all need medical care, and not every patient is the same.
Symptoms, as well as severity of certain symptoms, can also depend on what type of EDS the patient has. All of us are unique cases. You can read about some of us in Our Stories section (please also consider submitting your own, if you live in Ireland. You don't need to have an official diagnosis).
In some instances, life-saving or life-altering surgery is required -Chiari malformation and Craniocervical Instability (CCI) are two such problems that may require invasive surgery.
So what's the issue in Ireland?
Early diagnosis and intervention is fundamental in limiting the possible longterm affects. Prolonging basic treatment can, and has, lead to people with EDS/ HSD becoming very de-conditioned. Those who have late diagnoses and years of no medical intervention may struggle to work, function socially and at home and sometimes cannot walk very far unaided.
Worldwide, Ehlers-Danlos is classified as a rare condition, and because of such, it is not uncommon for medical professionals to know little about the syndromes. Awareness is needed globally. In the US The Ehlers-Danlos Society has been working hard at this for years, funding research and leading the way. In the UK, Ehlers-Danlos Support UK and The Hypermobility Syndromes Association highlight their own efforts to bring about awareness and reform to patients on the British aisles.
The one difference we face in Ireland compared to other nations is that while we also have rheumatologists, GP's, nurses, emergency room doctors unaware of these conditions, we have no appointed (by the HSE) qualified consultant to deal with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome or Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders. Not a single one. When questioned previously on the subject, the HSE and health minister inform us that in fact, all rheumatologists are knowledgeble about the condition. This simply is not the case, and saying so is an insult to us patients, and the parents and families of patients, who spend years on waiting lists. Passed from one consultant to the next because we are met with specialist after specialist who either has not heard of the condition or who does not believe it exists.
The very few public places that are helpful to EDS and HSD patients are understaffed, undertrained and underfunded. Hospices like the one in Harold's Cross in Dublin unfortunately cannot always deal with the complexity of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome due to the comorbid conditions many patients come with (even though it is often cited by the HSE as being a treatment place for us). Privately, there are a couple of rheumatologists in the country who have some experience of the conditions. These are few and far between, as well as expensive. Furthermore, while they are knowledgable they are not qualified to the extent of private consultants in such places as London -where many of us choose to go when we cannot find adequate help here in Ireland. Often, private consultants' diagnosis are taken into question due to the lack of awareness amongst many public doctors.
A growing amount of Irish patients, like many UK patients, travel to the hypermobility unit in London for consultations, physiotherapy and testing. On top of no consultant or hypermobility unit, Ireland also has no upright MRI machine (sometimes vital for diagnosing chiari malformation and CCI). Flights and accommodation add to the price tag for Irish patients. As well as this, many of us struggle to travel long distances comfortably due to our physical pain and tire easily from these long journeys.
As these are genetic conditions, whole families may be effected. Parents with multiple children may not be able to afford to bring them all to London. Some parents will forfeit their own diagnoses and care if it means they can pay for their children to access treatment instead. Families in Ireland shouldn't be living like this.
Because the HSE state that they can in fact take care of our medical needs here in Ireland (while simulatanoulsy playing down EDS and HSD rates and issues), we get no where with the Treatment Abroad Scheme and struggle to take up the Cross Border Healthcare Directive when needed. Furthermore, these schemes do not cover private facilities (such as the hypermobility unit in London).
In regards to surgeries for things like CCI, we must go further afield to either Barcelona or the US. Again, with no financial help from the state. Families, friends and whole communities pick up where the Irish state has failed us.
Simply put -we, and our conditions, do not exist in Ireland according to the HSE.
We want to change this. Please get involved, follow us on social media (links below), attend our now monthly protest gatherings outside Leinster House (on pause unfortunately due to Covid), and help us tell the health minister and the HSE that enough is enough. We exist and we deserve healthcare #EDS4IRE